DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Drizzle vs. Impala vs. KairosDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Impala vs. KairosDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopDistributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.56
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#192  Overall
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlkairosdb.github.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release2008201320131989
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 20201.2.2, November 2018SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++JavaC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Graphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infobased on Cassandratables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandrayes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberossimple password-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DrizzleImpalaKairosDBMicrosoft SQL Server
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

The Rise of Time Series Databases
15 March 2018, Automation.com

Using Redis as a Time Series Database: Why and How
2 January 2016, InfoQ.com

Expo: Real Time A/B Testing and Monitoring with Spark Streaming and Kafka at Walmart Labs
24 May 2019, InfoQ.com

The new rise of time-series databases
26 February 2018, Smart Industry

Scaling Graphite at Criteo Using a Cassandra Backend
12 March 2018, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

DH2i Extends SQL Server Platform to Containers
20 July 2021, Container Journal

Microsoft cancels plans to deliver SQL Server on Windows Containers
6 July 2021, ZDNet

SQL Server on Windows Containers support is on an indefinite freeze
7 July 2021, Windows Central

Microsoft extends security updates for Windows and SQL Server 2012 and 2008
15 July 2021, The Register

Invero Has Earned the Windows Server and SQL Server Migration to Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
21 July 2021, EIN News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cloud Architect (Remote)
Kinetix, Atlanta, GA

Data Engineer
Simplex Software, Remote

Tableau Developer
Capgemini, Chicago, IL

Sr Analyst, Healthcare Analytics - UM/CM/Power BI/SQL/Data Lake - Remote
Molina Healthcare, Long Beach, CA

Sr. DBA/Architect
Michaels, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

Senior Network Engineer
VeriSign, Reston, VA

SQL Server Database Administrator
Deloitte, Radford, VA

SQL Server Developer
First American, Santa Ana, CA

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Seattle, WA

SQL Server Developer
Cigna, Missouri

MS SQL Server Database Administrator
Leidos, Reston, VA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here