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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Hypertable vs. MariaDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Hypertable vs. MariaDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score2.66
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitemariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
pingcap.com
Technical documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerHypertable Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2008200920092016
Current release7.2.4, September 20120.9.8.11, March 201610.6.4, August 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCC++ API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor on file system levelMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleHypertableMariaDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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