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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Hive vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Hive vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score82.68
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#273  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.15
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20082012201720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.1.2, August 201913.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VMLinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleHiveMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Practicing Nebula Operator on Cloud
21 July 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part II
15 July 2021

Understanding Subgraph in Nebula Graph 2.0
8 July 2021

Validating Import Performance of Nebula Importer
1 July 2021

Full-Text Indexing in Nebula Graph 2.0
25 June 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DrizzleHiveMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
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