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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Hive vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Hive vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Yandex Database (YDB)

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database (YDB)  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score81.61
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#240  Overall
#38  Document stores
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitehive.apache.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nuodb.comcloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
github.com/­ydb-platform/­ydb
ydb.tech
Technical documentationcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydoc.nuodb.comcloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­ydb
ydb.tech/­en/­docs
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
NuoDB, Inc.Yandex
Initial release200820122009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520132019
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.1.2, August 201910.7.2, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0; commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++JavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Java, SQLno
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBActive-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleHiveMariaDBNuoDBYandex Database (YDB)
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

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More resources
DrizzleHiveMariaDBNuoDBYandex Database (YDB)
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