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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.36
Rank#101  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score1.93
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#315  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­spannermemgraph.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleGoogleMemgraph LtdOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release20082015201720171984
Current release7.2.4, September 20127.3.3.2.0, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercialcommercial infoFree license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedhostedLinuxHP Open VMS
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-Master replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infowith snapshot isolationyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions

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More resources
DrizzleGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud SpannerMemgraphOracle Rdb
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