DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Drizzle vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Large scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesAnalytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleClouderaMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release20082010201320142017
Current release7.2.4, September 20124.0.0, July 20212.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinuxhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoJSON typesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nonoJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleGoogle BigQueryImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DrizzleGoogle BigQueryImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Winning the 2020 Google Cloud Technology Partner of the Year – Infrastructure Modernization Award
20 July 2021, CIO

Google’s Logica language addresses SQL’s flaws
15 April 2021, InfoWorld

Google Cloud Platform breaks through with big enterprises, signs up Disney and others
23 March 2016, ZDNet

Acquisitions to Fuel Programmable Analytics
11 June 2019, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

How to deploy the Redash data visualization dashboard with the help of Docker
23 March 2022, TechRepublic

How to add a data source to Redash
5 April 2022, TechRepublic

News from O'Reilly Strata Conference + Hadoop World 2012: Azure HDInsight, Cloudera Impala, MapR M7
29 October 2012, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

NoSQL Databases Software Market Size And Forecast | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB – Queen Anne and Mangolia News
11 May 2022, Queen Anne and Mangolia News

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
22 February 2022, Business Wire

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

How time series databases unlock the potential of IoT: Join theCUBE for May 17 event
11 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Business Intelligence Developer
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

Financial Crimes Compliance Technology Data Strategy - Vice President - Hybrid
MUFG, Irving, TX

Planning Engineer I
SEAL Consulting, United States

Federal - ETL Developer Engineer Specialist
Accenture, San Antonio, TX

Federal - Data Engineering/ETL Developer
Accenture, Atlanta, GA

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

azure architect
Intone Networks, Remote

Cloud Solution Architecture - Cosmos DB/OSS
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

Software Engineer, Lily
Protocol Labs, Remote

Senior Backend Engineer
Density, Remote

Sr. Data Engineer
Protocol Labs, Remote

Data Quality and Cataloguing Analyst
Shell Energy Solutions, The Woodlands, TX

Data Engineer
Tetra Tech, Anchorage, AK

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here