DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Drizzle vs. Geode vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Geode vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Geode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#132  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
Score0.28
Rank#273  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.15
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orgmemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Memgraph LtdVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20082002201720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.2.4, September 20121.1, February 201713.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++JavaC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (OQL)noSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infoCache Event Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights per client and object definableUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleGeodeMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Practicing Nebula Operator on Cloud
21 July 2021

BDD-Based Integration Testing Framework for Nebula Graph: Part II
15 July 2021

Understanding Subgraph in Nebula Graph 2.0
8 July 2021

Validating Import Performance of Nebula Importer
1 July 2021

Full-Text Indexing in Nebula Graph 2.0
25 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DrizzleGeodeMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

HPE acquires Ampool to gain distributed SQL engine
9 July 2021, VentureBeat

SD Times news digest: TypeScript 4.4 beta, Rust support improvements in Linux kernel, Sauce Labs acquires Backtrace
6 July 2021, SDTimes.com

HPE buys query acceleration platform Ampool to boost Ezmeral hybrid cloud analytics
7 July 2021, SiliconANGLE News

HPE Acquires Ampool, a Query Acceleration Platform, to Support Ezmeral Hybrid Cloud Analytics
8 July 2021, EnterpriseTalk

Simplifying Apache Geode with Spring Data
2 June 2018, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Bourgeoning CAGR by 2028 with Key Players – Objectivity, Memgraph, Blazegraph. – The Manomet Current
7 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Industry Spotlight Three Trends for Graph Database – IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j – Murphy's Hockey Law
28 July 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

Graph Database Market Key Players, Industry Overview, Application and Analysis to 2020-2025
28 July 2021, Market Primes

Graph Database Market May See Big Move | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j – Murphy's Hockey Law
24 July 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

Making Your Own Memory Graph To Detect Memory Issues On iOS
13 April 2021, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph open sources Nebula Operator, embraces cloud native April 29, 2021Nebula Graph releases its
29 April 2021, PR Web

Nebula Graph™ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

provided by Google News

Yugabyte CTO outlines a PostgreSQL path to distributed cloud
26 July 2021, VentureBeat

"PostgreSQL has reached every part of industry and every part of government"
5 July 2021, JAXenter

Next Generation Crunchy Postgres for Kubernetes Released
7 July 2021, Johnson City Press (subscription)

Steps for Installing Postgresql in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
16 July 2021, H2S Media

Rockset adds MySQL connector to real-time indexing database
9 July 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Product Manager - Opportunity for Working Remotely Columbus, OH
Pivotal, Columbus, OH

Senior Product Manager - Opportunity for Working Remotely Miami, FL
Pivotal, Miami, FL

Senior Product Manager - Opportunity for Working Remotely Charlotte, NC
Pivotal, Charlotte, NC

Senior Product Manager - Opportunity for Working Remotely Detroit, MI
Pivotal, Detroit, MI

Senior Product Manager - Opportunity for Working Remotely Austin, TX
Pivotal, Austin, TX

PostgreSQL DBA
Meridian Technology Solutions Inc., Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Software Technology, Inc., Bethesda, MD

PostgreSQL DBA
Dynamic Placement Services, LLC, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
VERITIS GROUP INC, Bethesda, MD

Senior PostgreSQL DBA
Triwave solutions Inc, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here