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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Geode vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Geode vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Geode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesFully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.63
Rank#137  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
Score0.73
Rank#205  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orgwww.kinetica.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docswww.kinetica.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.KineticaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2008200220121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.2.4, September 20121.1, February 20177.1, August 202113.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfirecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC, C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (OQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infoCache Event Listenersyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights per client and object definableAccess rights for users and roles on table levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleGeodeKineticaPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNative and fully vectorized database across both GPUs and CPUs, with memory first...
» more
Competitive advantagesBest in class geospatial and temporal analytics. Lockless architecture provides real-time...
» more
Typical application scenariosAny application requiring (1) real time insights, (2) time series analysis (3) geospatial...
» more
Key customersCitibank, US Air Force, Softbank, OVO, Telkomsel, USPS, 2 of the top 3 US Telcos,...
» more
Market metricsThe largest IoT deployment in the world, NORAD, runs on Kinetica.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAlways Free Tier in the Cloud, Pay-As-You-Go Consumption Based Pricing, and Portable...
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More resources
DrizzleGeodeKineticaPostgreSQL
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