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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Postgres-XL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Postgres-XL vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.68
Rank#134  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#218  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score2.47
Rank#114  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.postgres-xl.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20162014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2016
Current release10 R1, October 20184.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoCGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphPostgres-XLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Making an HTAP Database a Reality: What I Learned from PingCAP's VLDB Paper
22 October 2020

TiCDC GA: Offering High-Availability Replication Services for Production Environments
15 October 2020

TiDB X Hacktoberfest 2020 - An Invitation to Open Source
14 October 2020

Lessons from TiDB's No. 1 Bug Hunters Who've Found 400+ Bugs in Popular DBMSs
6 October 2020

chaos-mesh-action: Integrate Chaos Engineering into Your CI
29 September 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DgraphPostgres-XLTiDB
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