DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sadas Engine vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sadas Engine vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSadas Engine  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLSADAS Engine is a columnar DBMS specifically designed for high performance in Data warehouse environmentsA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.58
Rank#138  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.03
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#351  Overall
#146  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#48  Document stores
Websitedgraph.ionuodb.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.sadasengine.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdoc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.sadasengine.com/­index.php/­downloads/­documentation-columnar-dbxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSADAS s.r.l.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release201620131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20062019
Current release14.1, November 20218.01.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infofree trial version availableOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC++CC++Clojure
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nono
Triggersnoyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tablenoyes infomanaged by 'Learn by Usage'
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNuoDBPostgreSQLSadas EngineXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesEDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphNuoDBPostgreSQLSadas EngineXTDB infoformerly named Crux
DB-Engines blog posts

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as A Sample Vendor in Gartner's Hype Cycle for Data Management, 2020
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

NuoDB 4.0 Expands Cloud-native and Cloud-agnostic Capabilities of Distributed SQL Database
29 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

How to Build Your Backend with Hasura and PostgreSQL
30 November 2021, SitePoint

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Business Wire

Flexible Server for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Now Commercially Available
1 December 2021, Redmondmag.com

Yugabyte Meets Developer Demand for Comprehensive PostgreSQL Compatibility with YugabyteDB 2.11
23 November 2021, The Bakersfield Californian

Move Over To PostgreSQL With Babelfish and MangoDB
16 November 2021, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
NN Tech, Remote

Sr Machine Learning/NLP Engineer
NN Tech, LLC, Remote

Fullstack Web Engineer [React, Nest.js, GraphQL, Dgraph]
Codelab, Remote

Data Engineer
Sorcero, Washington, DC

Data Engineer
NN Tech, LLC, Remote

Technical Writer -NuoDB
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

NuoDB Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
General Motors, Austin, TX

Linux Systems Administrator
Teramind, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Clayton Homes, Greensboro, NC

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL) | Remote or In-Office
Randall-Reilly, Tuscaloosa, AL

Software Engineering Apprentice
Basis Technologies, Chicago, IL

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here