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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#192  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioneo4j.comgrakn.ai
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Grakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release201620072016
Current release4.3.0, June 20212.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNeo4jTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Why DTCP Decided to Invest in Neo4j
22 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Recommendations, Shakespeare, Graphyx, Aura Free Tier, Dungeons and Dragons, GraphSAGE, NODES 2021
19 June 2021

Announcing Early Access of Neo4j Aura Free Tier
18 June 2021

Neo4j Raises the Largest Funding Round in Database History
17 June 2021

Introducing Neo4j 4.3: The Fastest Path to Graph Productivity
17 June 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphNeo4jTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph jumps to the top of GitHub’s graph database with 11 G2 badges and 11 million downloads
20 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash Enterprise: Fully Hosted, Serverless Version of World's Most Advanced Graph Database
3 December 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Graph database platform Neo4j raises $325M to inform decision-making
17 June 2021, VentureBeat

Graph Database Startup Neo4j Secures $325M Investment
19 June 2021, The Fast Mode

Apiax, BASF, and Fujitsu Research Labs to Headline Neo4j's Largest Global Gathering of Graph-Focused Developers
3 June 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j, a Graph Database Platform Raised $325 Million to Notify Decision-Making
21 June 2021, EnterpriseTalk

Neo4j Funding Latest in Real-Time Market Investments
17 June 2021, RTInsights

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