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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#149  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score114.77
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioneo4j.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201620072014
Current release5.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesyes using Neo4j Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNeo4jSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Expedia’s Entity Graph Powers Global Travel
5 December 2022

This Week in Neo4j: NODES Session Recordings, Connection in Large Data Sets, Graph ML Systems, Next.js, Graph Embeddings, Bitcoin, and More
3 December 2022

Telstra’s Neo4j Graphie Award for Excellence in Data Discovery: Why Neo4j?
2 December 2022

20 NODES 2022 Talks You Don’t Want to Miss
29 November 2022

Neo4j Workspace: Available on Aura Free and Professional
23 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphNeo4jSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

LigaData partners with Dgraph Labs to enable Mobile Operators to harness the full potential of Connected
9 November 2022, EIN News

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, businesswire.com

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Neo4j Releases the Next Generation of Its Graph Database
10 November 2022, Datanami

Neo4j 5 Graph Database Supports Automated Scaling and Deployment Interoperability
24 November 2022, InfoQ.com

Neo4j Live Demo: Knowledge Graphs for Skills Discovery
30 November 2022, KPBS

Why Building a Digital Twin Graph Will Shore up Your Cybersecurity Defence
7 December 2022, TechNative

Full Stack GraphQL Book Club – Chapter 3: Graphs In The Database
1 December 2022, KPBS

provided by Google News

Snowflake CEO Frank Slootman: FOMO Fever Hits Data Cloud!
7 December 2022, Acceleration Economy

Bright Data Launches Public Web Datasets on Snowflake Marketplace
5 December 2022, Business Wire

Hasura GraphQL APIs for Snowflake Streamline Embedded Analytics and Accelerate Data Access
7 December 2022, Datanami

What Is Snowflake? A Tutorial
18 November 2022, Built In

Why Snowflake, Datadog, and MongoDB Fell Today
5 December 2022, The Motley Fool

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