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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSOpen source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#175  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score48.58
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score6.13
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#8  Key-value stores
Websitedgraph.ioneo4j.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.dgraph.ioneo4j.com/­docsorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201620072010
Current release3.5.1, December 20183.0.12, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Master replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Exploring Inherent Connections: 5-Minute Interview with Dr. Alexander Jarasch
22 March 2019

Announcing Neo4j Labs: Incubating the Next Generation of Graph Developer Tooling
21 March 2019

The Future of Data Visualization
20 March 2019

Register Now for Global Graph Celebration Day: 40+ Events Already Scheduled Worldwide!
19 March 2019

Graph Algorithms in Neo4j: Louvain Modularity
18 March 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DgraphNeo4jOrientDB
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Recent citations in the news

Jepsen reports 23 issues in Dgraph including multiple deadlocks and crashes in the cluster, snapshot isolation violations among others
27 August 2018, Packt Hub

Dgraph raises $3M for its open-source distributed graph database, hits 1.0 release
19 December 2017, TechCrunch

Streamlio Launches Streamlio Cloud, Firefox Announces Firefox Send, GraphQL Foundation Collaborating with the Joint Development Foundation, the Fedora Project Is Sponsoring Libravatar and the Linux Foundation Announces Community Bridge
13 March 2019, Linux Journal

GraphQL Foundation Gets Bigger
15 March 2019, iProgrammer

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19 December 2017, SDTimes.com

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21 March 2019, eWeek

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