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DBMS > Dgraph vs. mSQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. OrigoDB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. mSQL vs. NebulaGraph vs. OrigoDB vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA fully ACID in-memory object graph databaseA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#149  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.50
Rank#158  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#186  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#345  Overall
#50  Document stores
#19  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#314  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitedgraph.iohughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
origodb.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.nebula-graph.ioorigodb.com/­docsxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Hughes TechnologiesVesoft Inc.Robert Friberg et alJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2016199420192009 infounder the name LiveDB2019
Current release4.4, October 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoCC++C#Clojure
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesStrong typed schemayesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesUser defined using .NET types and collectionsyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infocan be achieved using .NETno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSQL-like query languagenolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
.NetClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesno
Triggersnonoyes infoDomain Eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronizednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replicationyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsdepending on modelno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes infoWrite ahead logyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoRole-based access controlRole based authorization
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphmSQL infoMini SQLNebulaGraphOrigoDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 8,200 stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
DgraphmSQL infoMini SQLNebulaGraphOrigoDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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