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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Vesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201620192007
Current release4.4.10, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphNebula GraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Using Graph Technology for Environmental Data Compliance and Implementation
15 August 2022

This Week in Neo4j: GraphQL, Low Code, Cybersecurity, Graph Refactoring, and More
13 August 2022

Neo4j Graph Framework and Project Assessment
11 August 2022

How Graphs Power OpenSanctions: The 5-Minute Interview with Friedrich Lindenberg
10 August 2022

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphNebula GraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Takes Another Step to Lead Global Graph Database Market With the Release of V3.0.0
18 February 2022, MarTech Series

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

The World's Most Capable Graph Database, Nebula Graph™, Debuts for Unmatched Big Data Analytics Discovery
29 June 2020, PR Web

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

Neo4j help organizations unlock power of deeper context and relationships with knowledge graphs: Rahul Tenglikar
16 August 2022, DATAQUEST

The origin of Neo4j
8 August 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j hosts India's first-ever GraphSummit in Bangalore
28 July 2022, CXOToday.com

The Power of Connected Data for a Smart Nation: Chandra Rangan, CMO, Neo4j
5 August 2022, OpenGov Asia

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
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