DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. MySQL vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. MySQL vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#149  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1199.40
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score57.34
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.mysql.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201619952007
Current release8.0.31, October 20225.2, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoC and C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMySQLNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Expedia’s Entity Graph Powers Global Travel
5 December 2022

This Week in Neo4j: NODES Session Recordings, Connection in Large Data Sets, Graph ML Systems, Next.js, Graph Embeddings, Bitcoin, and More
3 December 2022

Telstra’s Neo4j Graphie Award for Excellence in Data Discovery: Why Neo4j?
2 December 2022

20 NODES 2022 Talks You Don’t Want to Miss
29 November 2022

Neo4j Workspace: Available on Aura Free and Professional
23 November 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphMySQLNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

LigaData partners with Dgraph Labs to enable Mobile Operators to harness the full potential of Connected
9 November 2022, EIN News

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

🐬 MySQL 8.0.31 Boosted Index Building Speed | by Tom Smykowski | Dec, 2022
7 December 2022, Medium

Using mysql sum to multiple units with costs so it gives the average cost per unit when grouped by another column
7 December 2022, SitePoint

Exadata and MySQL enhancements highlight Oracle's renewed impact on the IT conversation
6 December 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Juggling hundreds and thousands of MySQL databases? Throw them into the cloud
22 November 2022, The Register

AWS Announces Blue/Green Deployments for MySQL on Aurora and RDS
3 December 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Neo4j Releases the Next Generation of Its Graph Database
10 November 2022, Datanami

Neo4j 5 Graph Database Supports Automated Scaling and Deployment Interoperability
24 November 2022, InfoQ.com

Neo4j Live Demo: Knowledge Graphs for Skills Discovery
30 November 2022, KPBS

Why Building a Digital Twin Graph Will Shore up Your Cybersecurity Defence
7 December 2022, TechNative

One Peak Closes Third Fund at $1Bn Hard Cap to Back Fast-Growing B2B Software Companies Across Europe and Israel
6 December 2022, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Software Engineer (CLI)
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Data Engineer
MetaMap, San Francisco, CA

Senior Software Engineer
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Software Engineer (Fullstack JS + ReactJS)
MicroVentures, United States

Senior Golang Developer
Codenotary, Remote

MySQL DBA
Systems Int Ltd, Remote

MySQL Database Developer
Agama Solutions, San Francisco, CA

MySQL DBA
Integra Global Solutions, Remote

 PHP/MySQL Developer
Third Rock, Austin, TX

PHP/MySQL Developers
Webmasters.com, Tampa, FL

Data Engineer
MARS, Franklin, TN

Data Engineer - Royal Canin Americas
MARS, Newark, NJ

Backend Engineer (All Levels)
Current, New York, NY

Data Scientist
Zenotis Technologies INC, Remote

Front End Software Engineer
thatDot, Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here