DBMS > Dgraph vs. MongoDB vs. YDB
System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. MongoDB vs. YDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Dgraph Xexclude from comparison||MongoDB Xexclude from comparison||YDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMS||One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure||A distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS||Document store||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS|
Search engine integrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS Time Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
|Developer||Dgraph Labs, Inc.||MongoDB, Inc||Yandex|
|Current release||6.0.1, August 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source MongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.||Open Source Apache 2.0; commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no MongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free||schema-free Although schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes string, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI||SQL-like query language (YQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||GraphQL query language|
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
|proprietary protocol using JSON||RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)|
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Actionscript unofficial driver|
Clojure unofficial driver
ColdFusion unofficial driver
D unofficial driver
Dart unofficial driver
Delphi unofficial driver
Groovy unofficial driver
Lisp unofficial driver
Lua unofficial driver
MatLab unofficial driver
PowerShell unofficial driver
Prolog unofficial driver
R unofficial driver
Smalltalk unofficial driver
|Triggers||no||yes in MongoDB Atlas only|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||yes||Sharding Partitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Synchronous replication via Raft||Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters|
|Active-passive shard replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
Immediate Consistency can be individually decided for each write operation
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||no typically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||Multi-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes optional, enabled by default||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes In-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2||no|
|User concepts Access control||no Planned for future releases||Access rights for users and roles||Access rights defined for Yandex Cloud users|
More information provided by the system vendor
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