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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Milvus vs. Spark SQL vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Milvus vs. Spark SQL vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score2.24
Rank#121  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitedgraph.iomilvus.iospark.apache.org/­sqlwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release2016201920142017
Current release2.0, January 20223.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++, GoScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric and Stringyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnonoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMilvusSpark SQLTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphMilvusSpark SQLTigerGraph
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