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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TDengine

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TDengine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTDengine  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTime Series DBMS and big data platform
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#205  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­taosdata/­TDengine
www.taosdata.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.taosdata.com/­en/­documentation
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoftTaos Data
Initial release2016201219892019
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL V3, also commercial editions available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnonoyesyes, via alarm monitoring
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerTDengine
Specific characteristicsOne of the modules of TDengine is the time-series database. However, in addition...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Performance improvement over 10 times: An innovative data storage structure is defined,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIT Infrastructure, Servers and Applications Monitoring Internet of Cars, Trucks,...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database With more than 15,500 stars on GitHub
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source (AGPL v3) Enterprise / Cloud (https://www.taosdata.com/en/support/)
» more

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More resources
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerTDengine
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