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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDFox

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDFox

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRDFox  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSHigh performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engine
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#333  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
#17  RDF stores
Websitedgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oxfordsemantic.tech
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oxfordsemantic.tech
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2016201219892017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infoRDF schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerRDFox
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerRDFox
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