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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS based on CassandraDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#171  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#330  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorergithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
opennms.github.io/­newtsquasardb.net
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.nebula-graph.iogithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidoc.quasar.ai/­master
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftVesoft Inc.OpenNMS Groupquasardb
Initial release20162019201920142009
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases3.13.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)Strong typed schemaschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyesyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.noyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
HTTP REST
Java API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C++
Go
Java
Python
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnono
Triggersnoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infobased on CassandraSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Causal Clustering using Raft protocolselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraSource-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAzure Active Directory AuthenticationRole-based access controlnoCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula GraphNewtsQuasardb
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula GraphNewtsQuasardb
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