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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score23.72
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#56  Key-value stores
Websitedgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbspark.apache.org/­sqlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftApache Software FoundationTerark
Initial release2016201420142016
Current release3.3.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptnono
TriggersnoJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnono

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More resources
DgraphMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSpark SQLTerarkDB
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