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DBMS > Dgraph vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Coherence

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Coherence

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOracles in-memory data grid solution
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score113.89
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score86.18
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score2.36
Rank#119  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
Websitedgraph.iomariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­middleware/­technologies/­coherence.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherence
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftOracle
Initial release20162009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520102007
Current release10.8.3, May 2022V1212c, September 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageGoC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQLno
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoLive Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infooptionally
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle Coherence
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
DgraphMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle Coherence
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