DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. MySQL vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. MySQL vs. TiDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSIn-memory JavaScript DBMSWidely used open source RDBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.mysql.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016201419952016
Current release8.0.29, April 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphLokiJSMySQLTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (V): Backup and Restore
14 December 2021

Implementing Chaos Engineering in K8s: Chaos Mesh Principle Analysis and Control Plane Development
9 December 2021

TiDB 5.3: Delivering Enhancements for Data Intensive Applications
7 December 2021

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30 November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesPercona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Arctype: A fast, beautiful database GUI for developers and teams. Download it for free today.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphLokiJSMySQLTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

How to Optimize Your Database Storage in MySQL
23 May 2022, HackRead

How to create a MySQL 8 database user with remote access to all databases
25 April 2022, TechRepublic

Steps to Install MySQL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
14 May 2022, Linux Shout

Relational Databases Software Market Top Players Movements 2022 – 2028 | Oracle, MySQL, Informix, IBM, Amazon RDS, etc – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Akamai launches managed database offering for MySQL, PostgreSQL, Redis and MongoDB
25 April 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

PingCap brings TiDB distributed SQL HTAP database to cloud
11 May 2022, TechTarget

Raft Engine: a Log-Structured Embedded Storage Engine for Multi-Raft Logs in TiKV
12 May 2022, InfoQ.com

Takuya Hirano Joins PingCAP as an Executive Advisor
19 May 2022, PR Newswire

PingCAP Enhances Support for Data Intensive Applications with TiDB 5.3
7 December 2021, PR Newswire

PingCap TiDB 5.3 Supports Both High Volume Transaction Processing and Real-Time Analytics
4 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

C# Backend Developer
PIN Business Network, Englewood, CO

Senior Backend Services Developer
ComResource, Columbus, OH

Lead AWS Developer
ComResource, Columbus, OH

Innovation Lab Lead Developer - Cloud/AWS
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Senior Software Engineer
Codenotary, Remote

MySQL Database Developer
Agama Solutions, San Francisco, CA

PHP & MySQL & HTML/CSS & JS Developers
Retail Ecommerce Ventures, Remote

A&R Representative
OtterTune, Remote

Production Support Engineer
Apexon, New York, NY

Full Stack Developer-PHP and MySQL
Reflexions Data, New York, NY

Software Engineer - Cash Cards
Cash App, New York, NY

Sales Account Executive- Remote
PingCAP, Remote

Software Engineer - Availability, Cash App
Cash App, New York, NY

Software Engineer - Availability, Cash App
Cash App, Los Angeles, CA

Software Engineer - Cash Cards
Cash App, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here