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DBMS > Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Newts vs. Quasardb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonQuasardb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSIn-memory JavaScript DBMSFully managed big data interactive analytics platformTime Series DBMS based on CassandraDistributed, high-performance timeseries database
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.54
Rank#232  Overall
#36  Document stores
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#330  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-exploreropennms.github.io/­newtsquasardb.net
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorergithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidoc.quasar.ai/­master
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftOpenNMS Groupquasardb
Initial release20162014201920142009
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases3.13.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree community edition, Non-profit organizations and non-commercial usage are eligible for free licenses
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes infointeger and binary
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsall fields are automatically indexednoyes infowith tags
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JavaScript APIMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST
Java API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnono
Triggersnoyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infobased on CassandraSharding infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.selectable replication factor infobased on CassandraSource-replica replication with selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possiblenonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyesyes infoby using LevelDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes infoTransient mode
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoAzure Active Directory AuthenticationnoCryptographically strong user authentication and audit trail
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNewtsQuasardb
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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DgraphLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNewtsQuasardb
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