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DBMS > Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Adaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score143.44
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesssqrrl.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2016201419922012
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnonenoneSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftnonenoneselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Cell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
DgraphLokiJSMicrosoft AccessSqrrl
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