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DBMS > Dgraph vs. LevelDB vs. Tibero vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. LevelDB vs. Tibero vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from OracleTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.62
Rank#151  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#97  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score1.89
Rank#138  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tiberotitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdtechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.htmlgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleTmaxSoftAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2016201120032012
Current release1.23, February 20216, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C and AssemblerJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoPersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)yes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnonehorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or compositeyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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