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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.45
Rank#156  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#262  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score824.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.kingbase.com.cnwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docslearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.BeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.Microsoft
Initial release201619991989
Current releaseV8.0, August 2021SQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SQLServer Flex @ STACKIT offers a managed version of SQL Server with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All services are 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageGoC and JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoStandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DgraphKingbaseMicrosoft SQL Server
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