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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Impala vs. Kdb+ vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Impala vs. Kdb+ vs. SAP Adaptive Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopHigh performance Time Series DBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score8.98
Rank#54  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score47.78
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlkx.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlcode.kx.comhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.ClouderaKx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcSAP, Sybase
Initial release201620132000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 20031987
Current release4.0.0, July 20213.6, May 201816.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial infofree 32-bit versioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++qC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (q)yes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnonoyes infowith viewsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DgraphImpalaKdb+SAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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