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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Impala vs. Ingres vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Impala vs. Ingres vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWell established RDBMSA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score6.10
Rank#69  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#325  Overall
#147  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.actian.com/­ingreswww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase/­features.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.ClouderaActian CorporationTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release201620131974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s1987
Current release4.0.0, July 202111.0, April 2017Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++CC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesyes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneously
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftselectable replication factorIngres ReplicatorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DgraphImpalaIngresTransbase
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