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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Hive vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Hive vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.80
Rank#148  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score74.34
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score3.44
Rank#102  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iohive.apache.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201620122016
Current release3.1.3, April 20226.5.0, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftselectable replication factorUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphHiveTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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DgraphHiveTiDB
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