DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. Hive vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Hive vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.86
Rank#153  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score72.12
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score616.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iohive.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.1.3, April 202215.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
Implementation languageGoJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphHivePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
13 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 30 May 2023 - 2 June 2023

Recent citations in the news

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in ...
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform ...
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Apache Linkis Graduated to Apache Top-Level Project
1 February 2023, InfoQ.com

Are Databases Becoming Just Query Engines for Big Object Stores?
3 January 2023, Datanami

What Is Apache Hive? (Definition, Benefits, Challenges)
19 December 2022, Built In

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® Linkis™ as ...
18 January 2023, GlobeNewswire

Data Mesh Creator Takes Next Data Step
30 January 2023, Datanami

provided by Google News

What is PostgreSQL?
25 January 2023, Database Journal

Securing PostgreSQL from Cryptojacking Campaigns in Kubernetes
26 January 2023, CrowdStrike

Microsoft: Kubernetes clusters hacked in malware campaign via PostgreSQL
9 January 2023, BleepingComputer

Running Applications in Docker, Part 2: Table Joins in PostgreSQL
20 January 2023, Virtualization Review

10 Tips to Optimize PostgreSQL Queries in Your Django Project
11 January 2023, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Software Engineer (CLI)
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Golang Developer
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Software Engineer
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Software Engineer (Fullstack JS + ReactJS)
MicroVentures, United States

Developer/Analyst (React) (NJUS)
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Senior Data Engineer
ERPMark Inc, Remote

Data Engineer
Purple Drive Technologies, Remote

Machine Learning Engineer
Antra, Inc, Remote

Data Engineer
ADT Security Services, Remote

Jr. Big Data Engineer - 114065
i28 technologies corporation, Wellston, OH

PostgreSQL Developer
Divi Technologies, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Propelsys Technologies LLC, Remote

Junior Developer
Tekveo, Des Moines, IA

Support Engineer
Ollie Pet, Remote

SQL Developer
Ebyte Technologies Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here