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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Hive vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Hive vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)Cloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Score20.13
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iohive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuidevertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracleVelocityDB IncMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20162012201120112005
Current release3.1.2, August 201922.2, August 20227.x11.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageGoJavaJavaC#C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NETLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
RESTful HTTP API.NetADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.NetC#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenonoyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
TriggersnononoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftselectable replication factorElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integrationnono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infooff heap cacheyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphHiveOracle NoSQLVelocityDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesFast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
DgraphHiveOracle NoSQLVelocityDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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