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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. TiDB vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. TiDB vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.Titan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.61
Rank#134  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#226  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexpingcap.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.dgraph.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablegithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.SpotifyPingCAP, Inc.Aurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2016201420162012
Current release4.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaGo, RustJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)yes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.User authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphHeroicTiDBTitan
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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