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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TiDB vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TiDB vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchMicrosofts relational DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.Transactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.62
Rank#135  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#230  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score1037.64
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.34
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#226  Overall
#110  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverpingcap.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stabletrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.SpotifyMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.Apache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20162014198920162014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.0, July 20202.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++Go, RustC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavanoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning (by key range)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connectoryes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphHeroicMicrosoft SQL ServerTiDBTrafodion
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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