DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. TiDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchFully managed big data interactive analytics platformTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.61
Rank#134  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#226  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.dgraph.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.SpotifyMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016201420192016
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases4.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rno
Triggersnonoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAzure Active Directory AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphHeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerTiDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How We Build an HTAP Database That Simplifies Your Data Platform
15 September 2020

Announcing HTAP support in TiDB Cloud
8 September 2020

How to Migrate Data from Amazon Aurora MySQL to TiDB Cloud
4 September 2020

Celebrate TiKV Graduation within CNCF
2 September 2020

PingCAPers Make Their Debut at VLDB
31 August 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphHeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerTiDB
Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph Labs Now Available on Auth0 Marketplace
22 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph on AWS: Setting up a horizontally scalable graph database
1 September 2020, idk.dev

Slash DGraph Brings Managed Backend and No Code Services to the GraphQL Ecosystem
15 September 2020, ProgrammableWeb

news digest: Slash GraphQL, Snyk closes $200 million round of funding, and DataStax introduces Indexing for Apache Cassandra - SD Times
10 September 2020, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Review: Google Bigtable scales with ease
7 September 2016, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Azure Updates: AI supercomputing; Data Share & Data Explorer; Synapse Analytics; Blob Storage
27 August 2020, MSDynamicsWorld.com

How to share data in place from Azure Data Explorer - Microsoft
20 December 2019, Channel 9

Fastly, Microsoft partner on real-time analytics with Azure Data Explorer
29 January 2019, ZDNet

How to use Azure Data Explorer for large-scale data analysis
12 February 2019, InfoWorld

Zoomd Takes Another Step Towards Becoming an Industry Leader After Adopting Microsoft's Azure Data Explorer
4 December 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Cloud Native Computing Foundation Announces TiKV Graduation
3 September 2020, EnterpriseTalk

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiKV graduates from the CNCF, enabling persistent storage for container applications
2 September 2020, SiliconANGLE

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Python Developer
ASAP Solutions Group, LLC, Saint Petersburg, FL

Software Engineer - Python
ASAP Solutions Group, LLC, Saint Petersburg, FL

Software Engineer in Distributed Computing
Arcadia.io, Pittsburgh, PA

Software Engineer in Distributed Computing
Arcadia.io, Burlington, MA

BI Developer, Data Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Data Engineer
Amplify Consulting Partners, Bellevue, WA

Service Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Business Analytics Specialist
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Database Reliability Engineer (DBRE)
SwissBorg, Remote

Site Reliability Engineer
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer (Developer Velocity), Cash App
Cash App, New York, NY

SSBN/SSGN Missile Technician
BAE Systems, Washington, DC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here