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DBMS > Dgraph vs. H2 vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. H2 vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used RDBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.69
Rank#135  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1272.73
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score129.80
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.h2database.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Thomas MuellerOracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2016200519802000
Current release1.4.200, October 201919c, February 20193.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphH2OracleSQLite
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphH2OracleSQLite
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