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DBMS > Dgraph vs. H2 vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. H2 vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#119  Overall
#22  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.h2database.comwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irisgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Thomas MuellerInterSystemsGoogle
Initial release2016200520182014
Current release2.1.210, January 20222021.1, June 20212.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeschema-freeyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyesno
TriggersnoyesyesUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
DgraphH2InterSystems IRISLovefield
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Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

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Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
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