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DBMS > Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
#67  Relational DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.gridgain.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasenuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GridGain Systems, Inc.MicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release20162007201020132011
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.1V1221.2, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, C++, .NetC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Transact SQLJava, SQLno
Triggersnoyes (cache interceptors and events)yesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes (replicated cache)yes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBOracle NoSQL
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBOracle NoSQL
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