DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
#67  Relational DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.gridgain.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasenuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GridGain Systems, Inc.MicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release20162007201020131980
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.1V1219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, C++, .NetC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Transact SQLJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyes (cache interceptors and events)yesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes (replicated cache)yes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBOracle
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Global HTAP-Enabling In-Memory Computing Technologies Market 2021 Segments Analysis and Key Company Profiles – Microsoft, IBM, MongoDB, SAP, Aerospike – Discovery Sports Media
18 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

China In-Memory Data Grid Market 2022 Analysis by Top Keyplayers | Oracle,IBM,Hazelcast,Scale Out Software – Industrial IT
13 January 2022, Industrial IT

provided by Google News

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Global Operational Database Management Systems (OPDBMS) Software Market 2021 Future Trend, Growth rate, Opportunity, Industry Analysis to 2027 – Discovery Sports Media
17 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

provided by Google News

IBM Preconfigures Power System Racks Running Oracle Database
17 January 2022, IT Jungle

Oracle scores another legal victory against Rimini Street
19 January 2022, CIO

Xerox Taps Oracle Cloud to Launch New Ventures
19 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle DBA at QES
18 January 2022, IT-Online

Oracle chooses Johannesburg for first cloud region in Africa
19 January 2022, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
NN Tech, Remote

Sr. AI Engineer
NN Tech, Washington, DC

Senior Graph DB Engineer
Nira, Remote

Fullstack Web Engineer [React, Nest.js, GraphQL, Dgraph]
Codelab, Remote

Data Scientist, Senior
Booz Allen Hamilton, Annapolis Junction, MD

Director, Customer Success
GridGain, Foster City, CA

Director, Customer Success - Remote U.S. and Canada
GridGain Systems, Foster City, CA

Director of Pre-Sales Solutions Architects
GridGain Systems, Foster City, CA

Senior Consultant
GridGain, Foster City, CA

Director of Pre-Sales Solutions Architects
GridGain, Foster City, CA

Azure SQL Database Administrator - Managed Services
3Cloud, Illinois

Azure Data Engineer
Samay Consulting, Inc, Remote

SQL Server Database Developer (Hybrid- Home & Office)
Managed Health Care Associates, Florham Park, NJ

ETL Developer
BOTG Solutions Pvt. Ltd, Austin, TX

Technical Support Engineering - Azure SQL Database (PaaS)
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

NuoDB Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

Technical Writer -NuoDB
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Oracle Database Administrator
XTIVIA, Inc., Remote

Oracle Database Administrator
Ness Technologies, Canonsburg, PA

Oracle Database Administrator
Right Prospects, Greenwood Village, CO

Oracle Database Developer
Pinnacle Group, Columbus, OH

Sr. Oracle Database Administrator and/or Engineer:
iConsulting Group, Berlin, MD

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here