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DBMS > Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
#67  Relational DBMS
Score6.59
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.gridgain.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasenuodb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GridGain Systems, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20162007201920102013
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.1cloud service with continuous releasesV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, C++, .NetC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Yes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQLJava, SQL
Triggersnoyes (cache interceptors and events)yes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes (replicated cache)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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More resources
DgraphGridGainMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDB
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