DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score13.33
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogreenplum.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Pivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftOracleVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20162005198920112011
Current release6.7.1, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201922.1, May 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++JavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
TriggersnoyesyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphGreenplumMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Greenplum Announces Greenplum Database 3.3
8 June 2009, PR Web

Open Sourced Greenplum Data Warehouse Now on GitHub -- ADTmag
28 October 2015, ADT Magazine

Capitalizing on Analytics and AI at Dell Technologies
8 April 2021, CIO

Has the time finally come for PostgreSQL?
20 April 2018, ZDNet

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

SQL Server 2022: Here’s what you need to know
29 July 2022, TechRepublic

SQL Server 2022 New Features
22 July 2022, Petri.com

Microsoft Ends SQL Server 2012 Support
12 July 2022, Redmond Channel Partner

Why No Full SQL Server Reporting/Integration Services in Visual Studio 2022?
18 July 2022, Visual Studio Magazine

Couldn't connect to West Europe SQL Databases last week? Blame operator error
25 July 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Oracle and Microsoft Rolling Out Database Service for Azure
25 July 2022, Datamation

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Oracle NoSQL Database
28 March 2022, TechTarget

First look: Oracle NoSQL Database
16 November 2011, InfoWorld

University of Mauritius Develops Breast Cancer Awareness App with Support from Oracle - Liberia news The New Dawn Liberia, premier resource for latest news
21 April 2022, The New Dawn Liberia

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Backend Engineer (Remote)
EcoCart, San Francisco, CA

Full Stack Java Developer
BITS, Columbus, OH

Lead AWS Developer
ComResource, Columbus, OH

Senior Developer / Analyst
ComResource, Columbus, OH

C# Backend Developer
PIN Business Network, Englewood, CO

PostGres DBA
Alltech International, Washington, DC

Data Warehouse Developer
skysolution llc, Remote

Database Engineer
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Data Warehouse Developer with Linux and Oracle PL/SQL
Zettalogix Inc, Remote

Data Warehouse Developer
Skytech Consultancy Services, United States

SQL Server Developer
Buzzclan LLC, Dimondale, MI

SSIS ETL Developer, Microsoft SQL Server
DataSciences, United States

SQL Server Developer with NoSQL
Appian Infotech, Remote

SQL Server DBA
eTeam Inc., Memphis, TN

MS SQL Server / SSIS, SSRS/BI Developer SQL Server/ BI Developer
Expedent Corp, Nashville, TN

Front End Engineer
Avero, Remote

Data Engineer
Fisher Investments, Tampa, FL

Front End Engineer
Averoinc.com, Remote

Full Stack Developer
Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX

UI Developer
Zachary Piper Solutions, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here