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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score13.36
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iogreenplum.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Pivotal Software Inc.Microsoft
Initial release201620052016
Current release6.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
DgraphGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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