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DBMS > Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#149  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score2.47
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.52
Rank#98  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.ontotext.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.OntotextPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201620002016
Current release9.8, June 20216.3.0, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTiDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTiDB
Conferences and events

GraphDB 10.1 – An Easy Ride for Beginners & Seasoned Veterans
4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 1 December 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

LigaData partners with Dgraph Labs to enable Mobile Operators to harness the full potential of Connected
9 November 2022, EIN News

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Top 9 Open Source Graph Databases
7 November 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, businesswire.com

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16 November 2022, Jane's

Ontotext Releases Metadata Studio for Complex Text Analysis
8 September 2022, Datanami

Ontotext Releases GraphDB 8.7
15 October 2018, KMWorld Magazine

provided by Google News

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud Serverless Tier, Delivering Affordable HTAP Database Service to Developers
1 November 2022, GlobeNewswire

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20 October 2022, DevOps.com

PingCAP's TiDB Cloud Launches on Google Cloud Marketplace to Reach Developers Globally
7 June 2022, PR Newswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

Raft Engine: a Log-Structured Embedded Storage Engine for Multi-Raft Logs in TiKV
12 May 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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