DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.04
Rank#145  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score54.69
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitedgraph.iographdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.dgraph.iographdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasehelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.OntotextMicrosoftSAPStardog-Union
Initial release20162000201020102010
Current release8.8, January 2019V122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server PluginTransact SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnonoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

Dgraph Labs Secures $11.5 Million in Latest Funding Round
31 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Startup Dgraph Labs growing graph database technology
1 August 2019, TechTarget

Dgraph raises $3M for its open-source distributed graph database, hits 1.0 release
19 December 2017, TechCrunch

Dgraph releases Ristretto, a fast, concurrent and memory-bound Go cache library
24 September 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

GraphDB Improves the Knowledge Graph Experience in Latest Update
12 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Azure Arc
14 January 2020, InfoWorld

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Linux Bonus Pack Makes SAP Hana Movers Happy
14 January 2020, E3zine.com

SAP’s Hana Resolution For 2020
19 December 2019, E3zine.com

Enterprise Strategy Group Highlights Impact, Value of Actifio GO for SAP HANA on Google Cloud Platform
3 January 2020, MarTech Series

Huawei FusionServer Pro V5 now certified for SAP HANA Scale-Out Solution
12 January 2020, ITP.net

SAP C_HANATEC_16 Exam Questions Are Out - Download And Prepare
15 January 2020, The African Exponent

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Director of Data Engineering
Conde Nast, New York, NY

Security - Principal Research Engineer
Elastic, Baltimore, MD

SQL Server Database Administrator
City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

SQL Database Administrator
Plante Moran, Southfield, MI

IT Manager - Database Administrator
California Resources Corporation, Santa Clarita, CA

SQL DBA - San Antonio, TX
ITL USA, San Antonio, TX

Cloud SQL Server DBA
Revenue Solutions, Inc., Roseville, CA

SAP-HANA
Celandyne Software Solutions, United States

SAP HANA and S/4 Embedded Analytics
IBM, United States

SAP HANA ANALYTICS MANAGER
Delta, Atlanta, GA

SAP HANA Security Managing Consultant
IBM, United States

SAP S/4 HANA Architect
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Orlando, FL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Present your product here