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DBMS > Dgraph vs. eXtremeDB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. eXtremeDB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#211  Overall
#105  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.mcobject.comwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.McObjectMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2016200120102016
Current release8.2, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC and C++.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
.NEThosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersnoyes infoby defining eventsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioning / shardinghorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
DgrapheXtremeDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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eXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more

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More resources
DgrapheXtremeDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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