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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticstitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoftAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2016201020162012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo.NET and CC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
.NEThostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQLyes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTitan
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTitan
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
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