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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. JanusGraph vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. JanusGraph vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score2.43
Rank#118  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.graphengine.iojanusgraph.orgtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release2016201020172009
Current release0.6.1, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGo.NET and CJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
.NETLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononono
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Clojure
Java
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioningyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverno

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More resources
DgraphGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTinkerGraph
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