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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Graph Engine vs. JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#186  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score2.39
Rank#112  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.graphengine.iojanusgraph.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticstinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoft
Initial release20162010201720162009
Current release0.6.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo.NET and CJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
.NETLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Clojure
Java
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesTransact SQLno
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioningyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serveryesno
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTinkerGraph
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTinkerGraph
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