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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#126  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score3.38
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score2.19
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablepingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GooglePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201620152016
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Deploy TiDB on Google Cloud Platform—Part 2
4 August 2021

How to Deploy TiDB on Google Cloud Platform—Part 1
2 August 2021

Flink on TiDB: Reliable, Convenient Real-Time Data Service
28 July 2021

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (III): The Component Control Loop
21 July 2021

Simplifying Database Management in a Highly Automated and Scalable Cloud Environment with Google Cloud
15 July 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableTiDB
Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash Enterprise: Fully Hosted, Serverless Version of World's Most Advanced Graph Database
3 December 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph jumps to the top of GitHub’s graph database with 11 G2 badges and 11 million downloads
30 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Takes on AWS, Microsoft, Oracle, Snowflake in Databases
3 August 2021, Cloud Wars

Google Cloud to launch new region in Melbourne
27 July 2021, ZDNet

Extend cloud infrastructure to support Australia’s digital future
5 August 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Google Cloud opens new region in Melbourne
29 July 2021, Devdiscourse

Google Cloud adds 2nd cloud region in country
15 July 2021, Mint

provided by Google News

PingCAP Achieves ISO 27001 for TiDB Cloud
8 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

Fauna adds geo-isolation to globally distributed database cloud
7 July 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

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